Life Insurance 101 The true cold hard facts

I have held off writing this blog for quite some time because I simply did not want it to appear self-serving. The truth is there is a lot of fact and fiction out there regarding this simple but powerful product or as I call it contract for money. At the very basic level it can provide your family with money to carry on after you die.  The simplest and least expensive form of Life Insurance is term insurance, but for a young couple with a few kids 10 year renewable and convertible term is the cheapest and best way to go. Once a couple has reached its 40’s the next best approach is to re-examine the need and then determine if it might be required for another 20 years. If that is the case I often recommend that 20 year term renewable and convertible might be the way to go. It is a little more expensive than a 10 year term, but over a period of 20 years will cost less than the renewal rate of your existing 10 term when it rolls over. The next question I am asked often is how much do I need? The simple answer is as much as you can afford without compromising other daily expenses you have to put aside. The truth is that if you are earning anywhere between $50-100,000 one million dollars of insurance is not a lot insurance. How can I defend that position simply because if one were to invest the principle at today’s low-interest rates the annual income would probably not be more than $30,000 gross before taxes. If one were to spend the capital amount of $1,000,0000 it would be gone in 10 years to produce a $100,000 living allowance to a family or 20 years if $50,000 was taken out annually. Just to demonstrate that the cost of $1,000,000 is not as expensive as you think I did a survey on some software I use to illustrate to clients competitive premiums from competing Life Insurance companies. A healthy 35-year-old non-smoking male would pay about $45 a month for $1,000,000 and a health 45-year-old would pay about $92 a month for that same coverage. A more complex but scientific way of calculating insurance needs can be calculated by working out a monthly budget that the family needs to live on and then figuring out the capital that it would take to sustain that lifestyle over certain amount of time. Other things to be aware of that you might or  not need but that a commissioned insurance agent will show you is a waiver of premium rider which simply means that if you become disabled the insurance company will pay the premium of that policy. My take on this benefit is if you already have disability insurance through work or on your own then this additional rider may not be as valuable to you. There are sometime accidental death and dismemberment riders which I don’t have a lot of use for because the majority of deaths are by natural causes, so you are probably throwing your money away on this one. The other favorite rider you will be a small amount of life insurance on your children. I am kind of neutral on this one as the probability of losing a child at a young age is quite low, but the cost of funerals has been quite inflationary, so you may want to give this one some consideration. That is all for today. In a future article I will talk about the upside and downside of permanent insurance and how to use life insurance for estate planning purposes.

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